American economist, winner of the Nobel Award in Economics in 2008. He is a professor in Economics and International Relations at Princeton University, professor at the London School of Economics, and columnist for the New York Times. He has also been a professor at MIT, Yale and Stanford Universities. He is a member of the Econometric Society, an associate researcher for the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of the Group of Thirty. He has been a consultant for the Bank of the Federal Reserve of New York, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations, and for countries such as Portugal or the Phillipines. His most recent work is Arguing with Zombies: Economics, Politics, and the Fight for a Better Future.