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Thomas Asbridge and Jonathan Phillips

The Crusades

Hay Festival 2004, 
In 1905 at the Clermont Council Pope Urban invented atrocities against Christian pilgrims commited by Muslims in Jerrusalem, so launching a hundred years of sanctimony, sadism and butchery that still resonates throughout the world today. Asbridge describes the First Crusade to capture Antioch and Jerusalem. Phillips recounts the travesty of the Forth Crusade in which Venetian capitalists contrived the sack of Constantinople, the Christian world's wealthiest and most cultured city, so ensuring centuries of Orthodox fury against Catholics.