The Vienna in which Paul Celan arrived in December 1947 was a black-and-white city. It was the beginning of the Cold War, when goods and people were being smuggled and personalities of political interest for the Soviets were being kidnapped. A city which is best illustrated by a classic in the film noir: The third man, written by Graham Greene and performed by Orson Welles and Joseph Cotten. Although Celan stayed in the Austrian capital for a short time, this period was a turning point in his life and the subsequent work of the author of Escape of death, probably the most translated and commented German-written poem in history. In Vienna Celan was successful with his literary work for the first time; there he met Ingeborg Bachmann and some other friends who were vital to the dissemination of his work. His complex and fascinating personality made him very soon a character in two novels written by Austrian authors. Vienna was the German-speaking city where he spent the most time and where he was confronted with issues which would profoundly mark his poetry: a latent or clear antisemitism, relative hypocrisy towards the crimes committed by the National Socialists, mediocracy and opportunism in the literary world.
The translator and writer José Aníbal Campos will present from Vienna and by videoconference the book Los meses vieneses de Paul Celan (which will soon be published by the editorial La Moderna at the initiative of the Austrian Cultural Forum), where he collects important accounts on Celan´s stay in the Austrian capital and provides clues about the reasons why the Rumanian poet decided to continue his journey to Paris despite the tacit promise of a successful literary career.
Iona Zlotescu, Hispanicist and translator, director of the Cervantes Institute in Bucharest (2000-2006) will evoke the Bucharest period (1945-1947) of Paul Celan, relying on the book by Petre Solomon – one of the poet’s great Romanian friends – entitled, in the Spanish translation by Xavier Montoliu Pauli “Paul Celan y Rumaní: la adolescencia de un adios”. It is in Bucharest that Paul Antschel, turned into Paul Celan, will publish his first text, the famous Todesfugue (“Death Fugue”) translated from German into Romanian by Petre Solomon. And it is in the Romanian capital where Paul Celan will be aware of its poetic value and it will further open his literary horizons.
This session will be streamed live at youtube.com/user/IEUniversity
Photographies: “The Viennese” and Paul’s arrival document to Vienna © DLA Marbach; Paul Celan and Ingeborg Bachmann © Heirs of Ingeborg Bachmann
Photographies of Iona Zlotescu and María Pop: courtesy of Instituto Cultural Rumano
Event in Spanish
The project Disappearing Wall is an interactive installation designed for public spaces whose objective is to celebrate Germany’s presidency of the Council of the European Union during the second half of 2020. This travelling installation will be inaugurated at the Hay Festival Segovia and will then be taken to the other participating countries in Europe. The objective is to symbolize the fading of the borders between countries through the exchange of their cultures. The installation stems from an idea by Marina Jablonina and executed by the engineer Werner Sobek at the request of the Goethe-Institut. The project consists of a methacrylate structure filled with approximately 6,000 wooden blocks, each with an engraved quote, either a thought from Hannah Arendt, part of a lyric from a Beatles song, a quotation from the movie Amélie or a citation from the Hungarian Nobel Prize winner Imre Kertész. Residents of the European Union were invited to participate by selecting their favourite quote, from which a jury selected the best ones. The public is invited to participate, taking as a souvenir one of the wooden blocks that make up the wall, so that the image will transform as passers-by see the “wall” become more and more transparent. The wall will gradually “disappear” and the phrases will "reappear" in the houses of those who took part in the project.
To inaugurate the installation, which will be broadcast simultaneously to all of the participating European countries, the Mayoress of Segovia Clara Luquero will remove the first wooden block and read the phrase inscribed. She will be followed by Wolfgang Hermann Dold, Ambassador of Germany to Spain, Reinhard Maiworm, Director of the Goethe-Institut Madrid, and Emilio Gilolmo, Vice-president and Secretary of the Association Hay Festival de España. Friends of the festival will follow: Carolina Barco, Santiago Íñiguez, José Ramón González, Ana Gavin, Pablo Pérez, Gina Aguiar, Emilio Gil, Isabel Fuentes, Beltrán Gambier, Rebeca Castellano, Mark Howard, Lorenzo de’ Medici, Andy Mackay, José María Beneyto, Laura Ventura, Alberto Reguera, Koula Sophianou, Vera Reisner, María Floarea Pop, Isabel Pérez, Agustín García Mantilla and Juan Carlos Galindo, among others, will remove a wooden block and read the phrase.
Photographs: © Felix Rettberg and Natalia Cheban, courtesy of Goethe Institut
Although feminism is experiencing moments of great vitality, and female leadership is perhaps more visible than ever, the conquest of certain relevant positions both in the world of politics and in the world of economy or culture is a slow road not without difficulties for women. However, more and more women are occupying relevant positions, as is the case of the three ambassadors who share the stage in this event that addresses the adversities that women still have to overcome to reach positions of responsibility, and the way in which they exercise the diplomatic representation of their respective countries.
They are Carolina Barco, Colombian ambassador to Spain. Prior to joining the diplomatic corps, she worked on urban planning projects. Between 2002 and 2006 she was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Colombia and between 2006 and 2010, ambassador to the United States.
Sile Maguire, Ireland's ambassador to Spain, presented her credentials to the Head of State in 2017. She has also been head of Protocol at the Department of Foreign Affairs.
Karima Benyaich is the first woman to hold the top role at the Moroccan Embassy in Spain. She was previously her country's ambassador to Portugal and has also held relevant positions in the Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Book fairs cancelled, bookstores closed, book launches postponed … these are but some of the consequences suffered by the publishing sector during the coronavirus pandemic and which have had a direct impact on writers. On the other hand, writers usually favour working in isolation. Three well known Spanish writers review how they have faced this period of confinement to continue carrying out their work and what the outlook facing the world of creation is.
They are Carme Riera, writer and academician at the RAE (Spanish Royal Academy), with a long history as an essayist, short story writer and novelist whether in literary fiction or in historical or detective genres. She has garnered numerous awards such as the Nacional de las Letras in 2015. A bilingual writer in Catalan and Spanish, she translates her own work, among them Naturaleza casi muerta, Tiempo de inocencia (autobiographical), La voz de la sirena or Vengaré tu muerte, the most recently published.
Julia Navarro is a journalist and writer. She came to the fore in literature with La hermandad de la Sábana Santa which was published in 30 countries and swiftly became a best seller. The success of her books, which became regular in the best seller lists, drove her to set aside her very successful career in journalism. Among her novels are Dime quién soy, Dispara, yo ya estoy muerto or the most recent, Tú no matarás.
Care Santos is a writer and literary critic, who won the Nadal prize in 2017 for her novel Media vida. She has garnered awards and distinctions for both her work as a writer of adult fiction as well as children and youth. Habitaciones cerradas (which was adapted for television), La muerte de Venus or El aire que respiras are some of her work. Todo el bien y todo el mal is her most recent novel.
Daniel Fernández, Publisher and President of CEDRO, moderates the debate.
Photography of Carme Riera: © F.Moreno
Photography of Julia Navarro: © Juan Manuel Fernández, courtesy of Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial
Photography of Care Santos: © Joan Cortadellas Huguet
Photography of Daniel Fernández: © P. Moreno
One of the current great debates in Sustainability is how it goes beyond borders, needing global answers and collective collaboration from citizens, cities and countries. Jocelyn Blériot, Executive Officer and Head of International Institutions & Governments at Ellen MacArthur Foundation and Juan López de Uralde, Activist, former Director of Greenpeace Spain, Congressman of Unidas Podemos for Álava and Chairman of the Commission of Ecological Transition of the Congress, will discuss with Isabela del Alcázar, Doctor in Biology and Head of Sustainability at IE University, the opportunities generated by circular economy and the commitment of new generations with a more sustainable society.
Jocelyn Blériot will participate via video link, while Juan López de Uralde and Isabela del Alcázar will be on stage.
Simultaneous translation from English into Spanish and from Spanish into English
The integration of nature in today's urban environments brings new challenges to architects and landscapers. French architect Stephanie Chaltiel works with innovative techniques and natural materials that meet sustainability criteria. She began her career in Mexico and French Guyana building houses by hand with local inhabitants. After working for Bernard Tschumi in New York, OMA and Zaha Hadid, she founded her own studio MuDD Architects. Her award-winning projects combine cutting-edge technology and raw materials and have been presented and exhibited worldwide. She will speak with Martha Thorne, Dean of IE School of Architecture and Director of the Pritzker Prize, about her vision of architecture and one of her latest projects on vertical gardens (in collaboration with Svenja Keune and gardeners of “un jardin sur le toit”) which integrate fabrics in three dimensions.
Photography projects: MuDD Architects, Svenja Keune & Un jardin sur le toit
Photography of Marta Thorne: © IE University
In 1605, the kingdoms of Spain and England signed a peace treaty. Two delegations were set up to travel to each country. William Shakespeare was included in the English delegation, which could have stopped in Valladolid, where Cervantes lived at the time. What might have happened if the two geniuses of the two languages with the greatest global reach had met? What would they have talked about? How would they have liked one another? This is what Jesús Ruiz Mantilla explores in his latest book: El encuentro ¿Y si Cervantes y Shakespeare se hubieran conocido? (The Encounter: What if Cervantes and Shakespeare had met?) He talks about this with the journalist, television presenter and writer Lara Siscar.
Elvira Lindo has turned her parents into literary characters in her latest book, A corazón abierto, a tribute to the generation of children who lived through the civil war and withstood hardship during the post war. This fictional portrayal of her parents’ love story is for many her best work yet. She acknowledges that the book has been therapeutic. Once again, she deftly manages to present the story from different perspectives, be it as an essay, novel or screenplay. Lindo will always be remembered as the literary mother of Manolito Gafotas, who is more than a character of children’s fiction, he’s a member of the family for many readers. A regular contributor in press and radio, her fictional output, aside from the Manolito Gafotas collection, includes novels such as El otro barrio, Una palabra tuya (One word from you--Biblioteca Breve award) and Lo que me queda por vivir. Last year she published an insightful essay, 30 maneras de quitarse el sombrero (30 ways to take off one’s hat), in which she pays homage to 30 indomitable women, from Maruja Mallo to Mary Beard, who were forced to defy the establishment to make their mark in the world. Some of her novels have been turned into film.
Elvira Lindo will talk with the journalist and writer Inés Martín Rodrigo, author of Azules son las horas.
Elvira Lindo’s photography © Ricardo Martín, courtesy of Grupo Planeta
Inés Martín Rodrigo’s photography: © Isabel Permuy, courtesy of Grupo Planeta
“Landscape is everything around you” with this phrase one can begin to understand the work of Kathryn Gustafson, a renowned North American landscape architect. With more than 35 years of experience, Kathryn is renowned for creating distinctive sculptural landscapes which engage all the human senses. Her work includes the Princess Diana Memorial Fountain (London), the recently completed Parque Central in Valencia, the Site Tour Eiffel in Paris, the Old Market Square in Nottingham, UK, the Cultuurpark Westergasfabriek in Amsterdam and the landscape design of the National Museum of African American History of Washington DC, among others. Kathryn is a founding partner of Gustafson Porter + Bowman, based in London and Gustafson Guthrie Nichol in Seattle US.
Kathryn Guftason shares her vision of sustainable landscape architecture and design and its transformative power with Martha Thorne, Dean of IE School of Architecture and Design and Executive Director of the Pritzker Prize of Architecture.
This session will be streamed live at YouTube
Photography of Kathryn Gustafson: © John Keatley
Photography of Marta Thorne: © IE University
Projects: Parque central © Richard Bloom; Old Market Square © Dom Henry Photography; Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain © Jason Hawkes; Cultuurpark Westergasfabriek © Thomas Schlijper; Site Tour Eiffel © MIR
Simultaneous translation from English into Spanish
In 1988, at a time when poetry was the most neglected of the literary arts in Spain, the Loewe Foundation set up an international prize to promote artistic creation in poetry in Spanish. Backed by an exceptional jury, the award has since become the most important non-institutional prize of its kind. Every year, the Foundation awards a prize to an unpublished work of at least 300 verses and another to a writer aged under 33. Both winning entries are published by Visor Libros.
This year the International Poetry Prize was awarded to Aurora Luque, a poet and translator from Málaga, for her book Gavieras; and the International Poetry Prize for young authors to Raquel Vázquez – a Hispanic Philology graduate with a degree in Computer Engineering – for Aunque los Mapas. The two winners will recite their poetry in an event moderated by the poet and journalist Antonio Lucas who was bestowed the same award in 2013 for his collection of poems Los desengaños. . The event will be presented by Sheila Loewe, President of the Loewe Foundation.
In case of rain, the event will take place at the same time inside the Torreón de Lozoya
Photography of Aurora Luque: © Álvaro Tomé / FUNDACIÓN LOEWE
Photography of Raquel Vázquez: © Álvaro Tomé / FUNDACIÓN LOEWE
Fotography of Antonio Lucas / FUNDACIÓN LOEWE
Since its launch 16 years ago, the publishing house Caballo de Troya has focussed on young authors who have entered public debate on social change through their work, in matters of gender, class, sustainability… Since its first director Constantino Bértolo handed over the baton, the house has invited young writers and publishers to fill the post temporarily, acting as curators who provide a new look and, with their contributions, shape the world of publishing. At present, this role falls on the poet and publisher Luna Miguel (La tumba del marinero, Los estómagos, El arrecife de las sirenas) and the cultural journalist and writer Antonio J. Rodríguez (Fresy Cool, Vidas perfectas, Candidato). At Hay Festival, they will speak with four authors who have had work recently published by them:
Aixa de la Cruz, writer and playwright and already a consolidated figure who has published novels -- Cuando fuimos los mejores, En la línea del frente, De música ligera and Cambiar de idea -- and a book of short stories Modelos animales which was adapted for the stage.
Víctor Parkas, cultural journalist and narrator. Through his novel Game boy, he delves into the feminist debate providing a vision of new masculinity.
Margarita Yakovenko, journalist and editor. She published the story No queda tanto in the antology Cuadernos de Medusa, from Amor de Madre publishing. Desencajada, edited by Caballo de Troya is her first novel.
José Ignacio Carnero, lawyer and writer. Author of Ama, a novel in which he revisits his youth in Portugalete (Bilbao) in what is known as the Margen Izquierda, he pays homage to the figure of his mother and so many working class women of her generation.
Luna Miguel, Antonio J. Rodríguez and Aixa de la Cruz will participate live by videoconferencia while Víctor Recort, José Ignacio Carnero and Margartia Yakovenko will be on stage.
The role of artisan crafts in the development and support of sustainability programmes has entered the debate on global warming and the future of the planet with force. Institutions such as the Michelangelo Foundation for Creativity and Craftsmanship are leading the new trends around crafts and their economic and cultural role in a more sustainable world. Every two years, this Foundation, which represents numerous business associations from all over the world, brings together international experts at Homo Faber, its flagship event in Venice.
To talk about all this, the Hay Festival has invited Alberto Cavalli, who, after a long career in the field of international relations and communication linked to the world of fashion and excellence (he was director of communication for the firm Dolce & Gabbana), was elected co-executive director of the Foundation. He has also curated numerous initiatives related to the promotion of craftsmanship and young artists. He is a member of institutions such as the Centre du Luxe et de la Création (Paris) and vice-president of the Association Noema for the promotion of musical culture based in Milan.
He will be joined on stage by the architect and designer Tomás Alía, creator of important projects in the field of urban development and industrial and interior design, as well as the holder of numerous awards in his field of expertise. Alía is ambassador to Spain for the Michelangelo Foundation.
Alberto Cavalli and Tomás Alía talk with Belén Ferrier, founder of an artisan studio specialized in restoring antique frames.
Photography of Belén Ferrier: © Javier Salas