The Instituto Cervantes has organized and exceptional exhibition in Madrid: Libros y autores en el Virreinato del Perú. El legado de la cultura letrada hasta la Independencia. The first press in South America was located in Lima, and between 1584 and 1700 the Peruvian capital had the monopoly of the editing business in the region. Peru also had the most important libraries, and the elites had power over what was being written and were fostering a series of decisive ideas for their country's emancipation. The director of the Instituto Cervantes, Luis García Montero, will talk about this topic with one of the curators of the exhibition, Alonso Ruiz Rosas.